There are several work permits for mothers. They start even before the baby is born and can last until your child is 18 years old
Work permits for mothers begin during pregnancy, if the doctor considers it so, and are extended after childbirth.
The reasons why a mother can be absent from her job and request a work permit are several. We will talk about all of them in this article.
WORK PERMITS FOR MOTHER?
1. maternity leave
The first of the work permits for mothers is the birth or adoption permit, which can be extended up to 16 weeks. They can be caught in different ways:
- All together, immediately after giving birth.
- 10 weeks before birth and another 6 weeks in a row after delivery.
- 6 weeks in a row after childbirth and the other 10 part-time. That is, the mother would work part-time for 20 weeks.
- Take the 6 weeks of mandatory leave after childbirth and give the other 10 weeks to the father.
If the birth is multiple, the maternity leave is extended by two more weeks for each child, starting with the second.
After maternity leave, workers can enjoy their vacations if they had not already taken them.
This maternity leave is charged to Social Security. The mother has the right to collect 100% of the contribution base that she had the month prior to the birth, adoption or fostering of the child.
In the case of self-employed women, they will charge 100% of the regulatory base. If they were paying the minimum fee, they would receive about 850 euros of benefit. They will also receive a full bonus of the self-employed quota and Social Security contributions if they hire a person to replace them during sick leave.
In order to request this permit, the worker must meet certain requirements based on her age:
- Under 21 years old. No contribution period is required.
- Between 21 and 26 years old. Have contributed a minimum of 90 days during the 7 years immediately prior to the start date of the permit period or 180 days throughout your working life.
- Over 26 years old. Have contributed at least 180 days during the 7 years immediately prior to the start date of the permit period. As an alternative, it is worth having 360 days quoted before that date.
When the mother does not meet the minimum contribution requirements, she can apply for the non-contributory subsidy for maternity. The amount to be received will correspond to 100% of the IPREM, which for the year 2018 stands at 17.75 euros per day (532.51 euros per month) in general.
2. Premature birth leave
In the event that the delivery is premature and the baby needs to be admitted to the hospital, the maternity leave can be extended up to 13 more weeks (depending on the time that the newborn spends hospitalized). This means that the mother can enjoy a leave of up to 29 weeks.
Another option is to enjoy the 6 weeks of mandatory rest after delivery and postpone the other 10 to be able to take care of the premature baby when he leaves the hospital. During the time that the child remains hospitalized, he is entitled to paid leave of two hours a day.
3. Nursing leave
Nursing leave is another of the work permits for mothers to which you may be entitled to feed the baby until it is 9 months old. For this they have several options:
- Absence of one hour per day from work each day, either consecutively or in two periods of 30 minutes.
- Enter work half an hour later or leave half an hour earlier.
- Accumulate it in full days. They come to be about 15 days that can add to maternity leave.
In multiple births, the duration of the permit will be increased by one more hour per child from the second.
4. Reduction of working hours
Until the child is 12 years old, all parents have the right to request a reduction in childcare hours. That means that both moms and dads can order it.
According to the Workers’ Statute, this reduction ranges from one eighth to half of the working day. The bad thing is that the reduction in working hours implies a reduction in salary equivalent to the number of hours requested. The percentage ranges between 12.5% and a maximum of 50%.
5. Leave of absence
Until the children have reached the age of 3, mothers can request a period of leave. But it must be made clear that only during the first year will they be able to return to their original job. Afterwards, they only have the category assured, not the same job. During this time they will not receive their salary, but in the first two years they will continue to contribute to Social Security.
6. Leave for hospitalization
Another of the work permits for mothers that you can opt for in the event that a child has to be hospitalized, suffers an accident, a surgical intervention or a serious illness. Mothers are entitled to two days off if they do not need to travel. When there is displacement, the permit is 4 days.
Mothers and fathers can also request a reduction in working hours to care for a minor child affected by a serious illness, during hospitalization and treatment. By reducing the working day, the salary will be reduced, but they can request an economic benefit from Social Security.